Posts Tagged ‘history’

by Merari Hernandez, 8th Grade Reporter

Leprechauns, shamrocks, rainbows, pots of gold. The first thing that comes to mind is probably St. Patrick’s Day, a day celebrated once a year to admire the Irish.

However, St. Patrick wasn’t even Irish to begin with! He was actually a British captive, captured by Irish pirates when he was just sixteen, but returned to his family six years later. Although, he returned to Ireland, as a bishop, and became the patron saint of Ireland in the seventh century. On March 17, near the end of the fifth century, Saint Patrick passed.

St. Patrick’s Day is in fact a religious holiday, celebrated internationally. The color green was adopted years later. Blue was the first color associated with Saint Patrick. Shamrocks were used by Saint Patrick to explain the Holy Trinity, since the shamrocks have three leaves.

There are many ways this holiday is celebrated. Parades take place in major cities in several states, such as New York, Chicago, Boston, and even St. Louis. Every March 17, the Chicago River and the North White House Fountain are dyed green. Participants of parades in these cities cover themselves completely in green, as well as painting their faces completely green, or a simple shamrock.

Even though this holiday is known as an Irish celebration, the first parade took place here, in New York City on March 17, 1762. Irish soldiers serving in the English Military marched through the streets, trying to express their feelings towards the mistreatment of Irish immigrants in America.

But, the US and Ireland aren’t the only countries that celebrate this holiday. Surprisingly, several other countries also take part in this celebration, such as Argentina, Japan, South Korea, Canada, New Zealand, and Great Britain.

by Merari Hernandez, 8th Grade Reporter

Many Americans know that February is marked as Black History Month. But, do they know who thought of it? Or, how about when it was decided? Black History Month has a history all its own.

First known only as “Negro History Week,” this nation-wide holiday soon evolved into something more than just a few days of reminding the youth of America about African American history. It’s a time to remember the African American men and women who contributed to the shaping of our society—both theirs as well as ours. One of the first who believed African Americans deserved some recognition was Dr. Carter G. Woodson. How did he come to accomplish such a task? It took time and patience, but through his determination, he created a path for Africans in America. What Woodson hoped to accomplish through Black History Week was to educate Blacks about their cultural background and instill in them a sense of pride in their race.

When did Black History Month start? It began as a mere remembrance of two important figures, Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglas, on the second week of

February. Woodson established the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History in 1915, which also led to the founding of the Journal of Negro History. In 1926, Black History Week, or Negro History Week, was born. In 1976, Black History Week became Black History Month, where for the entire month, students as well as adults, learned more about African American history.

February, coincidentally, is also a month that includes important dates that helped shape the African American community. Such as February 3rd, which was when the 15th Amendment was established, granting blacks the right to vote in 1870. And February 12th, the day the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded in 1909. February 25th, 1870, Hiram R. Revels, the first black U.S senator, took his oath to office. Additionally, as stated earlier, both Frederick Douglas and Abraham Lincoln were born in February; however, Douglass died in February, making this month all the more important.